“Antonini Archaeological Museum” is administrated directly by the “ Centro Italiano Studi e Ricerche Precolombiane (CISRAP)”on the basis of an agreement
with the Peruvian Government.
complex extends over an internal surface of 750 square meters and also includes
an open air archaeological park of 1.600 mq, in which it is possible to admire
the "Bisambra Aqueduct”, a vestige of the talent of the ancient
inhabitants in the hydraulic engineering field. The archaeological park shows
some burial reconstructions of actual size, with imitations of the tombs and the
relative funerary equipments. It also shows some reproductions of the rock micro
paintings from Huayahua and a reliable small-scale model of the "Pampa of
is organized around the different factors which affected the development of the
communities which settled down in the Nasca Valley and in the neighbouring
territories. Among the most important factors were the natural resources, which
the man of the Basin of the Rio Grande of Nasca learned to exploit. Another was
the planning which informed the utilization and transformation of the physical
space available, with economic, political and religious goals.
From this point onward, the Museum examines all the aspects of the Nasca society. The collected materials allow to recreate, with a high level of approximation, several details of the everyday life, the economy and the polical and religious organization of the Nascas.
The panels that illustrate this section include chronological tables, maps, aerial photographs, and images of the main archaeological sites and an exhaustive description of the rock art present in the territory of Nasca and Palpa, with the reproduction of the most representative drawings. It will follow a section dedicated to the geoglyphs, with a rich variety of images and drawings provided by descriptive and explanatory texts.
following large rooms are dedicated to the sites of San Jose’, Pueblo Viejo
and Cahuachi, with a rich exhibit of pottery items, textiles, articrafts made
out of bone, shell, wood, earthenware, examples of baskets, of engraved and
pyrographed pumpkins, bone and vegetable remnants, each one proceeding from
specific contexts, meticulously described and systematically studied.
ceremonies and the rituals associated with the burials or with the building of
monuments are represented by an important collection of trophy-heads, and by
offerings of various kinds. In addition, the Museum contains a reconstruction of
a tomb with an authentic mummified individual with cranial deformation,
discovered in one Usaka burial, during 1989 excavations
also an important role; most of all if we consider it as a necessary element to
the ritual celebration during the ceremonies officiated in Cahuachi, or during
actions related to funeral rituals.
guards one of the most important collections of ceramic "antaras"
(Pan’s flutes) in the whole world.
the area included among the Rio Nasca and Rio Las Trancas, the ancient
populations adopted an ingenious system of water provision, one of filtering
galleries or puquios. In this way, they provided themselves with water
which was conveyed to special tanks in the same area. This system allowed them
to utilize reserves useful to irrigation all year long, without depending on the
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