Hirpinia et Daunia
This is the first page of the two devoted to the second region of Italy, Apulia et Calabria. For the other part, see under Apulia (which includes Calabria or Messapia). This first part considers the region of the Hirpini, bounded by Campania and Samnium, the region of the Dauni, between the river Ofanto and the Gargano, and the region of the Apuli proprie dicti and of the Frentani Larinates, between the Gargano and the river Biferno.
Common remarks: the place-names have been put in the nominative case, an asterisk * means not attested, reconstructed form. The late place-names of probable Latin origin have not been included. The IE roots are in the form given by Pokorny's Indogermanische Wörterbuch. The links will be active when the single pages will be published, see the main page. For any comment, suggestion, email me.
In the region of the Dauni, there is evidence of some names that, if their etymology is correct, cannot be Oscan because they show intervocalic voiceless stops from IE aspirated. Considering that the very name of Dauni shares the same feature, being from IE *dhau-no- 'the wolves' (a totemic name) as opposed to Latin Faunus (with f<*dh), it is possible to attribute this stratum to the Dauni themselves. This language has been often considered as part of the Illyrian branch.