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New Age Italy - Terzo Millennio

Movimento per l'autoformazione di una nuova Coscienza Incondizionata Globale
Italy 2000 - 2005 World compare Gallery Italy Gallery World Factbook 2000-2005

 

 

2000

2003

2005

Commenti

Population:

 

57,634,327 (July 2000 est.)

57,998,353 (July 2003 est.)

58,103,033 (July 2005 est.)

 

Age structure:

 

0-14 years: 14% (male 4,220,973; female 3,977,962)
15-64 years: 68% (male 19,413,219; female 19,596,668)
65 years and over: 18% (male 4,297,962; female 6,127,543) (2000 est.)

0-14 years: 14% (male 4,193,412; female 3,947,679)
15-64 years: 67.2% (male 19,625,428; female 19,337,861)
65 years and over: 18.8% (male 4,516,995; female 6,376,978) (2003 est.)

0-14 years: 13.9% (male 4,166,213; female 3,919,288)
15-64 years: 66.7% (male 19,554,416/female 19,174,629)
65 years and over: 19.4% (male 4,698,441/female 6,590,046) (2005 est.)

 

Median age:

 

 

total: 41 years
male: 39.4 years
female: 42.6 years (2002)

total: 41.77 years
male: 40.24 years
female: 43.35 years (2005 est.)

 

Population growth rate:

 

0.09% (2000 est.)

0.11% (2003 est.)

0.07% (2005 est.)

 

Birth rate:

 

9.13 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)

9.18 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)

8.89 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)

 

Death rate:

 

9.99 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)

10.12 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)

10.3 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)

 

Net migration rate:

 

1.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

2.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)

2.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)

 

Sex ratio:

 

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2003 est.)

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2005 est.)

 

Infant mortality rate:

 

5.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

total: 6.19 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
male: 6.82 deaths/1,000 live births

total: 5.94 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.55 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.29 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)

 

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 79.03 years
male: 75.85 years
female: 82.41 years (2000 est.)

total population: 79.4 years
male: 76.47 years
female: 82.52 years (2003 est.)

total population: 79.68 years
male: 76.75 years
female: 82.81 years (2005 est.)

 

Total fertility rate:

 

1.18 children born/woman (2000 est.)

1.26 children born/woman (2003 est.)

1.28 children born/woman (2005 est.)

 

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

 

 

0.4% (2001 est.)

0.5% (2001 est.)

 

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

 

 

100,000 (2001 est.)

140,000 (2001 est.)

 

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

 

 

1,100 (2001 est.)

less than 1,000 (2003 est.)

 

Ethnic groups:

 

Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)

Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)

Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)

 

Religions:

 

predominately Roman Catholic with mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community

predominately Roman Catholic with mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community

predominately Roman Catholic with mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community

 

Languages:

 

Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area

Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

 

Literacy:

 

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98% (1998)
male: NA%
female: NA%

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.6%
male: 99%
female: 98.3% (2003 est.)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.6%
male: 99%
female: 98.3% (2003 est.)

 

Economy - overview:

 

Italy has a diversified industrial economy with approximately the same total and per capita output as France and the UK. This capitalistic economy remains divided into a developed industrial north, dominated by private companies, and a less developed agricultural south, with more than 20% unemployment. Most raw materials needed by industry and more than 75% of energy requirements are imported. For several years Italy has adopted budgets compliant with the requirements of the European Monetary Union (EMU); representatives of government, labor, and employers also agreed to an update of the 1993 "social pact," which has been widely credited with having brought Italy's inflation into conformity with EMU requirements. Italy must work to stimulate employment, promote wage flexibility, hold down the growth in pensions, and tackle the informal economy. Growth was 1.3% in 1999 and should edge up to 2.6% in 2000, led by investment and exports.

Italy has a diversified industrial economy with roughly the same total and per capita output as France and the UK. This capitalistic economy remains divided into a developed industrial north, dominated by private companies, and a less developed agricultural south, with 20% unemployment. Most raw materials needed by industry and more than 75% of energy requirements are imported. Over the past decade, Italy has pursued a tight fiscal policy in order to meet the requirements of the Economic and Monetary Unions and has benefited from lower interest and inflation rates. The current government has enacted numerous short-term reforms aimed at improving competitiveness and long-term growth. Italy has moved slowly, however, on implementing needed structural reforms, such as lightening the high tax burden and overhauling Italy's rigid labor market and over-generous pension system, because of the current economic slowdown and opposition from labor unions.

Italy has a diversified industrial economy with roughly the same total and per capita output as France and the UK. This capitalistic economy remains divided into a developed industrial north, dominated by private companies, and a less developed, welfare-dependent agricultural south, with 20% unemployment. Most raw materials needed by industry and more than 75% of energy requirements are imported. Over the past decade, Italy has pursued a tight fiscal policy in order to meet the requirements of the Economic and Monetary Unions and has benefited from lower interest and inflation rates. The current government has enacted numerous short-term reforms aimed at improving competitiveness and long-term growth. Italy has moved slowly, however, on implementing needed structural reforms, such as lightening the high tax burden and overhauling Italy's rigid labor market and over-generous pension system, because of the current economic slowdown and opposition from labor unions. But the leadership faces a severe economic constraint: the budget has breached the 3% EU deficit ceiling.

 

GDP:

 

purchasing power parity - $1.212 trillion (1999 est.)

purchasing power parity - $1.438 trillion (2002 est.)

purchasing power parity - $1.609 trillion (2004 est.)

 

GDP - real growth rate:

 

1.3% (1999 est.)

0.4% (2002 est.)

1.3% (2004 est.)

 

GDP - per capita:

 

purchasing power parity - $21,400 (1999 est.)

purchasing power parity - $25,000 (2002 est.)

purchasing power parity - $27,700 (2004 est.)

 

GDP - composition by sector:

 

agriculture: 2.6%
industry: 31.6%
services: 65.8% (1998)

agriculture: 2.4%
industry: 30%
services: 67.6% (2001 est.)

agriculture: 2.3%
industry: 28.8%
services: 68.9% (2004 est.)

 

Labor force:

 

23.193 million

23.6 million (2001 est.)

24.27 million (2004 est.)

 

Labor force - by occupation:

 

services 61%, industry 32%, agriculture 7% (1996)

services 63%, industry 32%, agriculture 5% (2001)

agriculture 5%, industry 32%, services 63% (2001)

 

Unemployment rate:

 

 

9.1% (2002 est.)

8.6% (2004 est.)

 

Population below poverty line:

 

Not Available

Not Available

Not Available

 

Household income or consumption by percentage share:

 

lowest 10%: 2.9%
highest 10%: 23.7% (1991)

lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 26.6% (2000)

lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 26.6% (2000)

 

Distribution of family income - Gini index:

 

 

27.3 (1995)

27.3 (1995)

 

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

 

1.7% (1999 est.)

2.4% (2002)

2.3% (2004 est.)

 

Investment (gross fixed):

 

 

 

19.3% of GDP (2004 est.)

 

Budget:

 

revenues: $530 billion
expenditures: $522 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)

revenues: $504 billion
expenditures: $517 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001 est.)

revenues: $768.9 billion
expenditures: $820.1 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)

 

Public debt:

 

 

 

105.6% of GDP (2004 est.)

 

Agriculture - products:

 

fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish

fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish

fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish

 

Industries:

 

tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics

tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics

tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics

 

Industrial production growth rate:

 

1.9% (1998 est.)

-2.8% (2002)

0.7% (2004 est.)

 

Electricity - production:

 

243.027 billion kWh (1998)

258.8 billion kWh (2001)

261.6 billion kWh (2002)

 

Electricity - production by source:

 

fossil fuel: 80.22%
hydro: 17.3%
nuclear: 0%
other: 2.48% (1998)

fossil fuel: 78.6%
hydro: 18.4%
other: 3% (2001)
nuclear: 0%

fossil fuel: 78.6%
hydro: 18.4%
nuclear: 0%
other: 3% (2001)

 

Electricity - consumption:

 

266.705 billion kWh (1998)

289.1 billion kWh (2001)

293.9 billion kWh (2002)

 

Electricity - exports:

 

900 million kWh (1998)

556 million kWh (2001)

900 million kWh (2002)

 

Electricity - imports:

 

41.59 billion kWh (1998)

48.93 billion kWh (2001)

51.5 billion kWh (2002)

 

Oil - production:

 

 

79,460 bbl/day (2001 est.)

79,460 bbl/day (2001 est.)

 

Oil - consumption:

 

 

1.866 million bbl/day (2001 est.)

1.866 million bbl/day (2001 est.)

 

Oil - exports:

 

 

456,600 bbl/day (2001)

456,600 bbl/day (2001)

 

Oil - imports:

 

 

2.158 million bbl/day (2001)

2.158 million bbl/day (2001)

 

Oil - proved reserves:

 

 

586.6 million bbl (January 2002 est.)

586.6 million bbl (1 January 2002)

 

Natural gas - production:

 

 

 

15.49 billion cu m (2001 est.)

 

Natural gas - consumption:

 

 

 

71.18 billion cu m (2001 est.)

 

Natural gas - exports:

 

 

 

61 million cu m (2001 est.)

 

Natural gas - imports:

 

 

 

54.78 billion cu m (2001 est.)

 

Natural gas - proved reserves:

 

 

209.7 billion cu m (January 2002 est.)

209.7 billion cu m (1 January 2002)

 

Current account balance:

 

 

 

$-21.1 billion (2004 est.)

 

Exports:

 

$242.6 billion (f.o.b., 1998)

$259.2 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)

$336.4 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)

 

Exports - commodities:

 

engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; food, beverages and tobacco; minerals and nonferrous metals

engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; food, beverages and tobacco; minerals and nonferrous metals

engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; food, beverages and tobacco; minerals and nonferrous metals

 

Exports - partners:

 

EU 56% (Germany 16.5%, France 12.7%, UK 7.2%, Spain 5.8%, Netherlands 2.9%), US 8.5% (1998)

EU 53.8% (Germany 14.5%, France 12.2%, UK 6.7%, Spain 6.1%), US 9.7% (2000)

Germany 13.7%, France 12.1%, US 8%, Spain 7.3%, UK 6.9%, Switzerland 4.1% (2004)

 

Imports:

 

$206.9 billion (f.o.b., 1998)

$238.2 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)

$329.3 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)

 

Imports - commodities:

 

engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; food, beverages and tobacco

engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; food, beverages and tobacco

engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; food, beverages and tobacco

 

Imports - partners:

 

 

EU 61% (Germany 18.8%, France 13.12%, UK 6.47%, Netherlands 6.2%, Belgium-Luxembourg 4.7%), US 5.1% (1998)

EU 56.5% (Germany 17.7%, France 11.1%, Netherlands 6.2%, UK 5.1%), US 4.9% (2000 est.)

Germany 18.1%, France 10.7%, Netherlands 5.8%, Spain 4.7%, Belgium 4.4%, UK 4.3%, China 4.1% (2004)

 

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:

Debt - external:

 

 

 

$61.5 billion (2004 est.)

 

Economic aid - donor:

 

 

 

ODA, $1 billion (2002 est.)

 

Debt - external:

 

$45 billion (1996 est.)

 

$913.9 billion (2004 est.)

 

Telephones - main lines in use:

 

25 million (1998)

25 million (1999)

26.596 million (2003)

 

Telephones - mobile cellular:

 

17.7 million (1998)

20.5 million (1999)

55.918 million (2003)

 

Telephone system:

 

modern, well-developed, fast; fully automated telephone, telex, and data services
domestic: high-capacity cable and microwave radio relay trunks
international: satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (with a total of 5 antennas - 3 for Atlantic Ocean and 2 for Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region), and NA Eutelsat; 21 submarine cables

general assessment: modern, well developed, fast; fully automated telephone, telex, and data services
domestic: high-capacity cable and microwave radio relay trunks
international: satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (with a total of 5 antennas - 3 for Atlantic Ocean and 2 for Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region), and NA Eutelsat; 21 submarine cables

general assessment: modern, well developed, fast; fully automated telephone, telex, and data services
domestic: high-capacity cable and microwave radio relay trunks
international: country code - 39; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (with a total of 5 antennas - 3 for Atlantic Ocean and 2 for Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region), and NA Eutelsat; 21 submarine cables

 

Radio broadcast stations:

 

AM about 100, FM about 4,600, shortwave 9 (1998)

AM about 100, FM about 4,600, shortwave 9 (1998)

AM about 100, FM about 4,600, shortwave 9 (1998)

 

Radios:

 

50.5 million (1997)

50.5 million (1997)

50.5 million (1997)

 

Television broadcast stations:

 

6,317 (of which only 117 have 2 kW or more of transmitter power) (1997)

358 (plus 4,728 repeaters) (1995)

358 (plus 4,728 repeaters) (1995)

 

Televisions:

 

30.3 million (1997)

30.3 million (1997)

30.3 million (1997)

 

Internet hosts:

 

 

 

1,437,511 (2004)

 

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):

 

219 (1999)

93 (Italy and Holy See) (2000)

93 (Italy and Holy See) (2000)

 

Internet users:

 

 

19.25 million (2001)

18.5 million (2003)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Railways:

 

total: 19,394 km
standard gauge: 18,071 km 1.435-m gauge; Italian Railways (FS) operates 16,014 km of the total standard gauge routes (11,322 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 112 km 1.000-m gauge (112 km electrified); 1,211 km 0.950-m gauge (153 km electrified) (1998)

total: 19,493 km
standard gauge: 18,090 km 1.435-m gauge (11,375 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 88 km 1.000-m gauge (88 km electrified); 1,315 km 0.950-m gauge (189 km electrified) (2002)

total: 19,319 km (11,613 km electrified)
standard gauge: 18,001 km 1.435-m gauge (11,333 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 123 km 1.000-m gauge (122 km electrified); 1,195 km 0.950-m gauge (158 km electrified) (2004)

 

Highways:

 

total: 654,676 km
paved: 654,676 km (including 6,957 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (1998 est.)

total: 668,669 km
paved: 668,669 km (including 6,460 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (2001)

total: 479,688 km
paved: 479,688 km (including 6,621 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (1999)

 

Waterways:

 

2,400 km for various types of commercial traffic, although of limited overall value

2,400 km
note: serves various types of commercial traffic, although of limited overall value (2002)

2,400 km
note: used for commercial traffic; of limited overall value compared to road and rail (2004)

 

Pipelines:

 

crude oil 1,703 km; petroleum products 2,148 km; natural gas 19,400 km

crude oil 1,703 km; petroleum products 2,148 km; natural gas 19,400 km

gas 17,335 km; oil 1,136 km (2004)

 

Ports and harbors:

 

Augusta (Sicily), Bagnoli, Bari, Brindisi, Gela, Genoa, La Spezia, Livorno, Milazzo, Naples, Porto Foxi, Porto Torres (Sardigna), Salerno, Savona, Taranto, Trieste, Venice

Augusta (Sicily), Bagnoli, Bari, Brindisi, Gela, Genoa, La Spezia, Livorno, Milazzo, Naples, Porto Foxi, Porto Torres (Sardinia), Salerno, Savona, Taranto, Trieste, Venice (2001)

Augusta, Genoa, Livorno, Melilli Oil Terminal, Ravenna, Taranto, Trieste, Venice

 

Merchant marine:

 

total: 427 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 6,971,578 GRT/9,635,770 DWT
ships by type: bulk 41, cargo 45, chemical tanker 73, combination ore/oil 2, container 20, liquified gas 38, livestock carrier 1, multi-functional large load carrier 1, passenger 6, petroleum tanker 87, roll-on/roll-off 58, short-sea passenger 26, specialized tanker 13, vehicle carrier 16 (1999 est.)

total: 462 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 8,518,900 GRT/9,963,040 DWT
note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Croatia 1, Denmark 4, France 1, Greece 3, Man, Isle of 1, Monaco 7, Netherlands 6, Norway 1, Panama 2, Spain 1, Switzerland 1, Taiwan 15, Turkey 1, UK 6, US 12 (2002 est.)
ships by type: bulk 43, cargo 39, chemical tanker 98, combination ore/oil 5, container 28, liquefied gas 39, multi-functional large-load carrier 1, passenger 14, petroleum tanker 67, refrigerated cargo 3, roll on/roll off 60, short-sea passenger 32, specialized tanker 11, vehicle carrier 22

total: 565 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 8,970,017 GRT/10,354,685 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 38, cargo 43, chemical tanker 128, combination ore/oil 1, container 19, liquefied gas 38, livestock carrier 2, passenger 16, passenger/cargo 152, petroleum tanker 53, refrigerated cargo 4, roll on/roll off 34, specialized tanker 11, vehicle carrier 26
foreign-owned: 47 (France 3, Greece 7, Monaco 2, Switzerland 5, Taiwan 8, Turkey 2, United Kingdom 5, United States 15)
registered in other countries: 125 (2005)

 

Airports:

 

136 (1999 est.)

134 (2002)

134 (2004 est.)

 

Airports - with paved runways:

 

total: 97
over 3,047 m: 5
2,438 to 3,047 m: 33
1,524 to 2,437 m: 16
914 to 1,523 m: 31
under 914 m: 12 (1999 est.)

total: 96
over 3,047 m: 5
2,438 to 3,047 m: 34
914 to 1,523 m: 30
under 914 m: 12 (2002)
1,524 to 2,437 m: 15

total: 96
over 3,047 m: 6
2,438 to 3,047 m: 32
1,524 to 2,437 m: 16
914 to 1,523 m: 30
under 914 m: 12 (2004 est.)

 

Airports - with unpaved runways:

 

total: 39
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 19
under 914 m: 18 (1999 est.)

total: 38
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 18
under 914 m: 18 (2002)

total: 38
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 18
under 914 m: 18 (2004 est.)

 

Heliports:

 

3 (1999 est.)

4 (2002)

4 (2004 est.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Military branches:

 

Army, Navy, Air Force, Carabinieri

Army, Navy, Air Force, Carabinieri

Army (Esercito Italiano, EI), Navy (Marina Militare Italiana, MMI), Air Force (Aeronautica Militare Italiana, AMI), Carabinieri Corps (Corpo dei Carabinieri, CC) (2005)

 

Military manpower - military age and obligation:

 

18 years of age

18 years of age (2003 est.)

18 years of age (2004)

 

Military manpower - availability:

 

males age 15-49: 14,315,634 (2000 est.)

males age 15-49: 14,450,147 (2003 est.)

males age 18-49: 13,491,260 (2005 est.)

 

Military manpower - fit for military service:

 

males age 15-49: 12,331,306 (2000 est.)

males age 15-49: 12,349,356 (2003 est.)

males age 18-49: 10,963,513 (2005 est.)

 

Military manpower - reaching military age annually:

 

males: 311,160 (2000 est.)

males: 291,529 (2003 est.)

males: 286,344 (2005 est.)

 

Military expenditures - dollar figure:

 

$23.294 billion (FY99)

$20.2 billion (2002)

$28,182.8 million (2003)

 

Military expenditures - percent of GDP:

 

1.7% (FY99)

1.64% (2002)

1.8% (2004)

 

Disputes - international:

 

Italy and Slovenia made progress in resolving bilateral issues; Croatia and Italy made progress toward resolving a bilateral issue dating from World War II over property and ethnic minority rights

Croatia and Italy continue to debate bilateral property and ethnic minority rights issues stemming from border changes after the Second World War

Italy's long coastline and developed economy entices tens of thousands of illegal immigrants from southeastern Europe and northern Africa

 

Illicit drugs:

 

important gateway for and consumer of Latin American cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin entering the European market

important gateway for and consumer of Latin American cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin entering the European market; money laundering by organized crime and from smuggling

important gateway for and consumer of Latin American cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin entering the European market; money laundering by organized crime and from smuggling

 

 

 

 

 

 

Environment - international agreements:

 

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

 

International organization participation:

 

AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CCC, CDB (non-regional), CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECLAC, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 7, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer), MINURSO, MONUC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOGIP, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CDB, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECLAC, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 7, G- 8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer), MINURSO, MONUC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOGIP, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CDB, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 7, G- 8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMEE, UNMIK, UNMOGIP, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC

 

 

 

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Ultimo aggiornamento: 25-11-05