Today it introduces itself as a smiling option of temperate climate, rich in forests and sure destination of those who prefere to refresh from the summer heat behind the shadow of centuries old beeches or friendly chestnuts that grow there indisturbed. its more than 4000 inhabitants live over the highest tops of Tolfa mountains  as - their own night since they are this miners town descendants, miner workers that thanks to their hard work, offered to european economy the possibility to get free from one of the heaviest dependance coming from east around 1400 : Mineral lighting that at that time was the foundation of a great part of the industrial work, from the leather lanning to the matenial assembly. Lighting was discovered by Giovarmi di Castro who promote the foundation of the fírst miner's nucleos, transfered to Roncone Mount's botton fífty year later by Agostino Chigi, This settlement give origin to Allumiere village, that surged in 1826 as a dignified independent town. The urban structures spread around the few building that this miners towenleft.





It's the biggest living center area. 553 meters above sea level, at Fortress Mount height which semaining ruins, on top, witness of an altemated and tortured existance. On ancient times, two Tolfa areas were known. Old Tolfa fortified around its castle and New Tolfa, settle over Tolfaccia mounts, 10 kilometers away ad facing the seashore. The town preserves evocative remainders left since the primitive MiddIe Age installations outside the narrow walls remainders grow richer, small rinascimento styled building were construct afier Lightening discovery. The stern presence of Fortress Mount, masters the entire town, their hardness of the massive vulcano didn't scape to the eyes of the poet Annibal Caro, who dwelled in Tolfa for a while. The mount raises over a wide view from where man's glance can reach unsuspected distances, far enough to distinguish Saint Pietro's dome, and farther Roma, the castles or even the highest tops of Appennini chain of mountains.







Folklore is still alive and it plays a very special role since tied to old traditions being a genuine expression of popular essence, an all festivities and events. Don't miss August season : In Tolfa "Prosciutto" (ham) festival celebrated on the Sunday previous August Bank Holiday (Ferragosto  where other local typical products can be found. The "butteri" (horse shepherds) tournament begins the first Sunday of August and protracts with a vaniety of event all rnonth long. In Allumiere the manifestation with quarter's competìtion customs takes place on first Sunday after August bank Holiday. Bath Tolfa and Allumiere towns, organize during their Patron Saint Festivities, Tolfa (S: Egidio on September 1 st) and Allumiere (  Madonna delle grazie on September 8 th) : horse races, fíreworks, raffles at main squares, launching of aerostatic balloons "a braccio" street poets exibition, and more. The day before Christmas Eve, songs of the season can be heard on the streets of towns. On Eastern hold Friday, Tolfa's brotherhoods organize a suggestive custon procession- Many other events gather around tradition ad local costums such as : "La Ferrata" painting exhíbition usually hold at the second half of Iuly, then we have the"Ruzzelone" launching towards the end of may, both festivities celabrated in Allumiere. During all year the typical riders and the horse shephers can be seen in events such as cattle branding and other country festivities, corresponding to season cycles as "Autumn Festivity" in Allumiere.







Etruscan people long dwell Tolfa mountains and Mignone Valley the essence of their presence is still alive today, remarkable ruins are spread all over.Sanctuaries, numerous and rich cemeteries indicate the grat number of village centersi connected one another trough wood paths which at certain points are still in use. Etruscan economical and commercial explotation of the area was well planned: Lumber from woods; products from agricolture and cattle breeding; minerals from excavation and artisan products were trade at the port markets of big coast cities such us Tarquinia but specially Agylla (Cervetenì) whose port was the solid shoulder that supported Etruscans wealth.Thanks to ultimated growing interest orn archeoloical rescarch, "Conserva's" cemetery was partially recovered.The entire village posses an important number of etruscans graves, but the biggest concentration locates over the high plateau that starts with the old customs-house and continues towards east up to meet the "eastern rock". Part of the discoveries were destinated to enrich Tolfa's civic Musean, now installed where the old Agostinian priests monastery was (Sughera loc.) and that remains open the whole week. Roman ruins are disceminated all over, here and there they are visible, trough forests and pastures, rests of Rornan paths deisigned with their characteristic pavements, walIs, wood signals and numbered borders that surround the whde town, to which popular fantasy assumes esoteric meanings (ex: the rock of the witch). Moreover, great number of earthenwares emerge in some coltivated lands, reveling the presence of rustic villages. In certain cases though the remaining wall structures, make us suppose the existance of imposing buildings.Middle ages have deeply signed the area, arranging the inhabitants town enclosures over high plateaus.A magnificent panorwnic view can be appieciated by vísiting the ruins Tolfaccia Mount (580 m.) is one highest tops ori the area. Easily crossed forest covers the ruffis of unfortunated New Tolfà which forts have been demolish, around states XIV century, due to strategic political reasons. After being subdue it started to depopulate.At New Tolfa's loops botton, excavation works are hold along a wide roman village area that make us expect unportant discoveries.Forgotten on the time, the big Abbey ruins, lays quìet almost as to witness the passage of pagan and Christians.Around 1000 -hundreds, the Abbey, built in the proximities of the horsemen Grasceta etruscan temple, used to master over the mignone.






Tolfa mountains, surrounded by the Tirreno ad the arch formed by mignone river, offer amazing unique back round preservatich characters and in spite of their modest altitude (a little more than 600 m) they can be clearly distinguish from the maremmas.The mine explotation have produced impressive ìnjuries that now belong to the scenery. Vaste pastures end large woods spread covening the scarsely coltivated lands.The scenery changes from thick scrubs to majestic chest nuts or cheeses. There fore Oaktrees. holm--caks, birches, hollies, billberries, heathers and junipers alternate and cohabit generating a rich colorfull panoramic view that changes according to the season. if being carefull, it is possible to enjoy the taste of wild firuits that grow a long the woods and are available at suitable seasons. Besides, aromatic herbs and many different kinds of mush rooms grow almost all year long and can be colleeted payìng attention to don't brake - branches, take off roots nor walk over smashing mush rooms (specially if poisonous) in brief trying to don't up set the undergrowth. People that know how to walk trough the woods don't leave traces of their passing by.Duning spring time, pasture and open spaces fill with flowers: cyclamens, violets, orchids, etc,These flowers contìnue blooming thanks to their people's preference, who duning centuries choised to enjoy their beauty instead of cutting thern off. So let's respect thís local tradition and let's rather use a camera. A beautiful photograph lasts longer than a flower life.Trough the thíck undergrowth, a varíed wild fauna find shelter: hares, wild boards, foxes, martens. badgers, beech-martens, otters and timid hedgehog whose biggest passtine is a voiding men.Helping a hedgehog to cross the street becomes not only a civilized action but could procure us to meet a new friend.Maremmanian horses and cattle are both unquestinable protagonists of this countryside, they gathered in large herds and populate wild pastures and wòods frequently depassing borders and arriving to high ways which they cross with a philosophic indifference. They're mostly females with their characteristic "tyre" shapped horns.It isn't hard though to run into male axes who sometimes reach impressive sizes; they are sheavy but amazingly nimble and their wide opern horns inspire a certain aspect.






Traditional leather craftsmanship is very ancient.the tolfetanian saddle manufacture is remarkable due to its original hand made labor, that anunces the environement work where it comes from ("Catana" bag or"Tolfetanian" saddle).At present the manufacturation increased to leather trades and good, designing patterns of saber and solid taste.Crafts work is also active in other areas, expressing its art  in an original wav by using typical local materials such as vulcano rocks for stone elaborations and chest nut, English oak or beech for rustic carpenter's work shop. Today, artisan's wrough iron and pottery works are still a live.The diversity of bread produced in Tolfa and Allumiere oven is impressive. It is prepared by using wheat flour and does not contain salt so io perfectly match with tasty greasless local hams.Only with this kind of bread, the typIcal "acqua cotta" soup can be prepared. This typical soup together with cheese, maremmanian meat, country salad, vegetables, honey and grottino's soft wine forme the base of a healthy and tasty cooking.




         TOLFA TRADITIONAL LEATHER                                                                  TOLFA BUTTERI