Home Elidio's service About Gavi Moon&Wine Food & Lodge

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Traditional cascks

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Stainless steel vats.

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Map of the wine producers
Gavi's Cellars Map
...moon and wine have an ethereally agreement: the wine gives to the moon its perfume, its sublime flagrancy and its softly rough, sweet smell. In change the moon gives to the wine its help to have the best meteorological  condition to rise the flower and the taste of this nectar and elixir of life.
It is well known that wine sleeps for a long time in barrel to elaborate all its marvelous components and become what nature gives us as a marvelous essence of love, creativity, fantasy and happiness.
When wine wakes up and needs to be poured into to the bottles, it needs a special weather conditions, and that's what the moon offers to the wine. A very special circumstances, as tide at sea, is created by the moon for this special event. It is like you can feel the air becoming lighter, all around becomes quite and soft, if you enter into the cellar and you are closing in, near the peasant during the ceremony of pouring the wine from the barrel into the bottles, you enter an atmosphere which satisfy all your sense. It is like you get the sensation that an entirely year goes by; the time necessary from fruit to become wine, the weather, the seasons, day per days, are passing by again.  


In this landscape of rows of vines stretching as far as the eye can see, men's lives have for centuries followed the rhythm of the life cycle of the grape. The tenacity and sacrifice of individuals have also played their role in the making of the vineyards of Gavi.  
Only a few regions in the world are blessed by nature with the production of noble grapes which make truly great wines.
The land of Gavi is one of these favorite areas: strong in its viticultural vocation even though not jet widely recognized. These few hundred hectares of hills have a mild, sunny climate and are freshened by the sea breezes of nearby Liguria. 
Seeing the Gavi's area, its vines and taste its extraordinary wine; hear to the history and traditions of the viti-vinicultural microcosm of Gavi, an old saying comes to mind: "it is difficult to find a good wine, but it is even more difficult to make one."
To produce a great wine, one needs above all a great vineyard - not as regards its size but meaning a patch of ground which, with its mix of soil, exposure, microclimate and the way it is husbanded, is able to confer on the wine it produces those exceptional  and unique organoleptic characteristics and which are, however, greatly superior to the average quality of the same wine produced in similar zones.  


A document dated 3 June 972, and now conserved in the State Archives in Genoa, states that Teodolfo Bishop of Genoa rented to Pietro and Andrea, freemen of Gavi, church-owned vineyards and chestnut woods to be found at Gavi and at Meirana, a place which even today still works its vineyards, a few kilometers from Gavi. This is maybe the only document witnessing the old tradition of the viti-vinicultural's world of Gavi, but  it doesn't mean that they were the only vineyards existing at that time, for sure not.
We know well that the wine has origins that goes back to ancient times, as can be seen from many archaeological relics and from reading the oldest text on the history of man, but it is certain that the greatest impulse to its diffusion came from the Romans. 
The origin of vine-growing in Gavi is not dissimilar to that of the other zones in the southern part of Piedmont, and the Cortese vine is considered by most expert to be native to the upper Monferrato,  Asti area, where it has always been cultivated. It favours exposure to sunlight, especially the mid-day sun. It is grown and prospers in calcareous as well as in clayey and mixed soil, and even in tufaceous soil. It is quite resistant to winter frost and generally it is not badly damaged by cryptogams.
But it is not until the 18th century that we find, in the works of Count Nuvolone, any mention or description of a species of vine called Cortese


The moon feet to wine as wine feet to Gavi. The weather conditions and geographic conformation of this area, as said, allows a perfect union for the production of valuable-esteemed grapes.
Geographically, Gavi is located in southern Piedmont, practically on the border with Liguria, and thus near the mountains of the Ligurian Apennines. Piedmonte, as it means in Italian language, it can be considered as region "at the food of  mountains" as well as other regions like: Lombardy, Veneto, Trentino Alto Adige, Friuli Venezia Giulia and Valle d'Aosta.
In these regions, we find a climate defined as the "piedmont type", characterized by rigid winters, hot summers, and rather mild springs and autumns, more or less rainy.
These are the classic feature of the "fruity wine belt," typical of those regions which are above the 44th parallel, where the wines produced - with several exceptions - have an alcoholic content which is not very high, but are characterized by a complex, dinstinct bouquet.
Below the 44th paralel, the wines are known as the "alcoholic content belt," characterized by very hot summers and rather mild winters. 


The history, maps, events and infos of Gavi and Alto Monferrato: the producers of wine, photos of the wineyards,
bottled wines and the addresses of the wineries, monuments etcetera...click the sites here down below.

           Link to the site of Val d'Orba, the valley of the river Orba        
Elidio -May 2000     Updated: 13-06-2005 .                                    Elidio's service                                                             elidio.com