Ref. 1 -  Lecture for the Third European Day of Studies on "Functional Culture and Permanent Education", on the tenth 
              anniversary of re-formation of the Popular University of Biella, ('Critical consciousness and mass culture') by
               R. Bertagnolio, 1986.

Ref. 2 -  Roberto Ettore Bertagnolio, Prolegomena to a historic dialectic psychoepistemology, (typed study).

Ref. 3 -  Jean-Pierre Changeux, L’homme neuronal, 1983, Librairie Arthème Fayard. Italian edition: L’uomo neuronale,                Campi del sapere, Feltrinelli, Milano, 1983.

Ref. 4 -  Antonio R. Damasio, Descartes’ Error. Emotion, Reason and the Human Brain. Italian edition: L’errore di                Cartesio, Adelphi, Milano, 1995.

Ref. 5 -  Appendice VIII Università Popolare di Biella, Ieri e oggi, a cura di Rabaglio e Zamprotta, Ed. Giovannacci 1986,                Biella.



  I wuold like to develop some Freudian items in a neuroscientific perspective                             according to Jean-Pierre Changeux's schemes


Schematic representation of the Freudian mechanism of the concept of "Sublimation", which I have adopted essentially with a COGNITIVE meaning, constantly keeping into consideration the superstructural process developed by DIALECTIC HISTORIC MATERIALISM.
This element is suitable to formulate some epistemology capable to explain the links between the brain, the whole nervous system and the material basis where the entire BODY lies.
The neurologic element, with transversal features and values, is the memory,which establishes the logic NEURAL RELATIONSHIP between images in the presence of an object and images without an object, by superimposing some neurologic schemes of the Freudian concept of "consciousness".
All that can be shown in the following scheme:


I believe that pleasure and pain are the essential regulators of the final chain of mental objects from which thought derives first, the cultural product next.
The structure on which the entire individual rests is the conditioning fundamental element and, as a consequence, his cognitive limit.




   National Congress of Pavia, in the range of celebrations for the centennial                                       anniversary of Darwin's death.



"On cognition in general and on the cognition-ideological limit relationship in artistic production"

Darwin.jpg (117332 byte)

       ( Report made at the National congress of  Pavia on the celebration of the centenary of C. Darwin's         death, 1982 ).



My contribution should be interpreted within the sphere of negative dialectics, as rehabilitation of the necessary role of Philosophy. That dialectics will have to pass the limit of abstract concepts and reach the concrete level for the analysis of the specific materials, in order to find out, through the ideological limit, the complex class "gnoseological"mechanism implied in the "EGO as an OBSERVER".
My report is very restrictive in comparison with the study I want to develop, therefore I would like it to be considered as a methodological proposal meant to point out the real contradictions of the ego as a contemporary knower and together the real causes producing the parcelling out of the "culture" implied in the positivist idealistic "Gnosis".
I want to point out that "Aesthetics" is my own specific field. So my methodology will first aim at being applied to artistic production, both literary and sculptural figurative.
Yet, I want to highlight the chance to extend such "historicizing" dialectics to any "parcelled out" language, including the mathematical language, as the fundament of science.
The gnoseological problem seems to be the current one. The positivist concept of culture and of the parcelling out of knowledge is unable to justify the "Whole" but also the specificity of parts.
As a paradox, in fact, the claimed specificity can only stand by means of results digressing from itself and debating it. In other words, the full achievement of "specificity" corresponds to its failure.