Family CUCULIDAE segue
Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus RED-FACED
MALKOHA. Humid forest, heavy dry woodland. Locally in lowlands
to 1700 m of Sri Lanka. Reports from Kerala in s India are unsubstantiated.
Phaenicophaeus superciliosus RED-CRESTED MALKOHA. Humid forest. N. Philippines.
Phaenicophaeus cumingi SCALE-FEATHERED MALKOHA. Humid forest undergrowth. N. Philippines on Luzon, Marinduque and Catanduanes.
Carpococcyx radiceus SUNDA GROUND-CUCKOO. Humid forest, scrub, second growth. Lowlands and foothills to 1700 m in Sumatra and Borneo.
Carpococcyx renauldi CORAL-BILLED GROUND-CUCKOO. Humid forest, scrub, second growth. Lowlands to 1000 m in nw,ne,se Thailand and Indochina.
*Coua delalandei SNAIL-EATING COUA. Extinct; formerly on Isle Sainte-Marie and adjacent mainland of ne Madagascar.
Known from 13 specimens, the last collected in
Habitat has been destroyed on I. Ste.-Marie.
Coua gigas GIANT COUA. Dry
forest, savanna, brush. Lowlands to 700 m of w,s Madagascar.
Coua coquereli COQUEREL'S COUA. Humid forest, savanna, brush. Forages mainly on the ground. Lowlands to 700 m of w Madagascar.
Coua serriana RED-BREASTED COUA. Humid forest. Lowlands to 1000 m of ne Madagascar.
Coua reynaudii RED-FRONTED COUA. Humid forest. Lowlands and mts. to 1800 m of nw,
Coua cursor RUNNING COUA. Arid brush, low forest brush. Lowlands to 160 m of sw Madagascar.
Coua ruficeps RED-CAPPED COUA. Dry forest, brush, arid sandy areas; mainly on the ground. Lowlands of w Madagascar.
Coua cristata CRESTED COUA. Savanna, humid forest edge, deciduous woodland, brush; mainly in trees above 5 meters from the ground. Lowlands to 800 m of Madagascar.
Coua verreauxi VERREAUX'S COUA. Sandy desert. Lowlands to 100 m of sw Madagascar.
Coua caerulea BLUE COUA. Humid forest. Lowlands to 1800 m of nw,e Madagascar and .
Centropus milo BUFF-HEADED COUCAL.
Humid forest. Solomon Is. of New Georgia, Vella Lavella, Kulambangra,
Gizo, Rendova, Guadalcanal, Florida.
Centropus goliath GOLIATH COUCAL. Humid forest. Lowlands of n Moluccas on Morotai, Halmahera, Bacan, Obi, Tidore and possibly Ternate.
Centropus violaceus VIOLACEOUS COUCAL. Humid forest. Bismarck Arch. on New Ireland, New Britain.
Centropus menbeki GREATER BLACK COUCAL. Humid forest, edge. Lowlands to 1275 m in Aru and w Papuan is. and New Guinea, incl. Yapen and Numfor is.
Centropus ateralbus PIED COUCAL. Forest, edge, second growth. Lowlands to 1200 m Bismarck Arch. on Umboi, New Ireland and New Britain.
Centropus phasianinus PHEASANT COUCAL.
Rank vegetation, swamps, riparian thickets, mangroves, towns, scrub.
Coasts and lowlands to 1500 m of ec Lesser Sunda Is.; in n,se,e New Guinea,
Yule I., D'Entrecasteaux Arch., and in nw,n,e Australia from n W. Australia
e to Queensland, and s to se New S. Wales.
Centropus spilopterus KAI COUCAL. Swamps, moist thickets, rank grass, open forest, farmlands. Kai Is.
Centropus bernsteini LESSER BLACK COUCAL. Second growth, canegrass fields. Lowlands to 900 m of w,c New Guinea.
Centropus chalybeus BIAK COUCAL. Thick second growth. Biak I. in Geelvink Bay, w New Guinea.
Centropus rectunguis SHORT-TOED COUCAL.
Humid forest. Lowlands to 1700 m in Malaya, Sumatra and Borneo.
Centropus steeri BLACK-HOODED COUCAL. Humid forest. Mindoro I. in the c Philippines.
Centropus sinensis GREATER COUCAL. Scrub, second growth, grassland, mangroves. Lowlands to 2100 m from e Pakistan, India, Burma and s China, Hainan I. and s through se Asia to Sri Lanka, Nicobar Is., Sumatra and adj. is., Borneo, N. Natuna Is., Java, Bali and sw Philippines on Balabac, Cagayan Sulu, Basilan and Sulu Arch.
Centropus andamanensis BROWN COUCAL. Scrub, second growth. Great Coco and Little Coco islands in the Andaman Is.
Centropus nigrorufus SUNDA COUCAL.
Thickets, second growth. Lowlands in Java. A record for Sumatra
is probably erroneous.
Centropus viridis PHILIPPINE COUCAL. Thickets, long grass. Philippines.
Centropus toulou MADAGASCAR COUCAL. Forest, woodland, brush, reedbeds, marshes. Lowlands to 1800 m in Madagascar and w Seychelles on Aldabra and Assumption Is. Sometimes included in grillii.
Centropus grillii BLACK COUCAL. Long rank grass, marshes. Senegambia, s Mali, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, C. Afr. Rep., s Chad, n,ne Zaire, s Sudan, w Ethiopia, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, w,s Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, and s to s Angola, ne Namibia, n Botswana, n,e Zimbabwe, Mozambique and e S. Africa.
Centropus bengalensis LESSER COUCAL.
Tall grassland, marshes, reedbeds, jungle bordering forest, second growth,
scrub. Lowlands to 1800 m from nc,s,e India e to s,se China, s through
se Asia to Greater Sunda Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Philippines and Moluccas.
Centropus chlororhynchus GREEN-BILLED COUCAL. Humid forest, dense bamboo undergrowth. Lowlands to 750 m of Sri Lanka.
Centropus leucogaster BLACK-THROATED COUCAL. Dense second growth along forest edge, swampy bush. Senegambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, sw Cameroon.
Centropus neumanni NEUMANN'S COUCAL. Dense second growth along forest edge, grassy swamps. N,ne,ce Zaire. Sometimes included in leucogaster, but they are allopatric. Dowsett and Dowsett-Lemaire (1993) present the arguments and include neumanni in leucogaster.
Centropus anselli GABON COUCAL.
Dense second growth along forest edge, grassy swamps. In s Cameroon,
C. Afr. Rep., Gabon, Congo, sw,nw,c Zaire and nw Angola.
Centropus monachus BLUE-HEADED COUCAL. Forest edge, second growth. Guinea, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, sw Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, C. Afr. Rep., n,ne Zaire, s Chad, se Sudan, w,c Ethiopia, Eritrea and w Kenya, and s to nw Angola, cs,se,ce Zaire, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda and nw Tanzania.
Centropus cupreicaudus COPPERY-TAILED COUCAL. Reedbeds, swampy growth. From Angola, cs,se Zaire and s Tanzania s to ne Namibia, n Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Malawi.
Centropus senegalensis SENEGAL COUCAL. Thickets, scrub, bush. S Mauritania and Senegambia e across s Mali, s Niger, s Chad, Egypt and s Sudan to Ethiopia, nw Somalia, w Kenya, sc,ne Tanzania, Malawi and s to nw Angola, Zambia, ne Namibia, n Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa. Recorded in every subSaharan African country except Eritrea, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Rwanda and Burundi.
A rufous color morph formerly was treated as a
separate species, C. epomidis.
Dowsett and Dowsett-Lemaire (1993, p. 335) erroneously state that "Sibley and Monroe (1990) "have resurrected the idea that C. epomidis is a good species." We did not. See S&M p. 104.
Centropus superciliosus WHITE-BROWED
COUCAL. Thickets, scrub, bush. Sw Congo Rep., sw,sc,ce,ne Zaire,
e Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Socotra I., s Arabia, Rwanda,
Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania (exc. se), n Malawi, sw Zambia, nw Zimbabwe,
n Botswana, s Angola and n Namibia. See C. burchelli.
Centropus burchelli BURCHELL'S COUCAL. Thickets, scrub, bush. From extreme se Zambia, c Malawi and se Tanzania s through e Botswana and Mozambique to ne,e,s S. Africa in Transvaal, Orange Free State, Natal and Cape Province w to Cape Town. Sometimes included in superciliosus, but the East African List Committee consider them to be separate species (D. A. Turner, pers. comm.) as do the South African List Committee (see Sinclair, et al. (1993.
Birds of Southern Africa). Dowsett and Dowsett-Lemaire (1993) disagree and note that "birds resembling hybrids ... occur in the Middle Zambezi valley in the Feira (=Luangwa) area of Zambia".
Centropus melanops BLACK-FACED COUCAL. Forest, edge. C,s Philippines on Samar, Leyte, Bohol, Dinagat, Siargao, Mindanao and Basilan.
Centropus celebensis BAY COUCAL. Dense forest, edge. Lowlands to 1000 m of Sulawesi.
Centropus unirufus RUFOUS COUCAL. Bamboo jungle. N Philippines on Luzon, Polillo Is., Catanduanes.
Coccyzus pumilus DWARF CUCKOO..
Humid forest, open woodland, savanna, riparian woodland. Lowlands
to 2600 m in Colombia and Venezuela.
Coccyzus cinereus ASH-COLORED CUCKOO.. Open woodland, scrub. Lowlands e of Andes in Paraguay, s Brazil, Uruguay and n Argentina.
Coccyzus erythropthalmus BLACK-BILLED CUCKOO. Forest, open woodland. From ec,se Alberta and s Saskatchewan e across s Canada to New Brunswick, Prince Edward I. and Nova Scotia, and s to se Wyoming, e Colorado, Kansas, e Oklahoma, nc Texas, n Arkansas, Tennessee, n Alabama and S. Carolina.
Coccyzus americanus YELLOW-BILLED CUCKOO. Open woodland, forest, towns, riparian woodland. From w Washington, int. Calif., n Utah, Wyoming, N. Dakota, s Manitoba, s Ontario, sw Quebec and s New Brunswick s to n Mexico, Gulf coast and s Florida; e to Virgin Is., probably Bahamas and n Lesser Antilles. Becoming rare in California due to habitat destruction.
Coccyzus euleri PEARLY-BREASTED CUCKOO.
Humid forest, edge, thickets, riparian, woodland. Locally in lowlands
to 700 m in e Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and Surinam; in e,s Brazil and
Coccyzus minor MANGROVE CUCKOO. Open woodland, forest edge, scrub, deciduous forest, mangroves. Coastal lowlands on Pacific slope from Sinaloa to w Panama; Gulf-Caribbean lowlands from Tamaulipas s to e Nicaragua; from s Florida and Bahamas s to Venezuela, e Colombia, e Venezuela, Guianas and n Brazil.
Coccyzus ferrugineus COCOS CUCKOO. Forest, open woodland, second growth, scrub. Cocos I., off Pacific Coast of Costa Rica. Also called Coco I. or Isla del Cocos. May be conspecific with C. minor.
Coccyzus melacoryphus DARK-BILLED CUCKOO. Forest edge, mangroves, open brush, second growth, arid scrub. Lowlands to 2400 m from Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Guianas s, w of Andes to w Peru and e of Andes to n Argentina.
Coccyzus lansbergi GREY-CAPPED CUCKOO.
Forest, dense undergrowth. Lowlands to 1400 m in w,n Colombia, and
Hyetornis pluvialis CHESTNUT-BELLIED CUCKOO. Thickets in open woods, scrub. Hills and mts. of Jamaica.
Hyetornis rufigularis BAY-BREASTED CUCKOO. Heavy forest, arid scrub. Hispaniola, esp. Dominican Republic, including Gonâve I.
Piaya cayana SQUIRREL CUCKOO. Open woodland, forest edge, second growth, scrub, thickets. Lowlands and mts. to 2700 m from s Sonora, s Chihuahua, Durango, Zacatecas, s San Luis Potosí and s Tamaulipas s to Panama, and from Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Guianas s, w of Andes to nw Peru and e of Andes to e Peru, Bolivia, n Argentina, Uruguay and s Brazil.
Piaya melanogaster BLACK-BELLIED
CUCKOO. Humid forest. Lowlands to 500 m e of Andes from se
Colombia, s Venezuela and Guianas s through e Ecuador and e Peru to n Bolivia
and w Amazonian Brazil.
Piaya minuta LITTLE CUCKOO. Thickets, shrubby areas, dense undergrowth, especially near water. Lowlands to 950 m in e Panama, and from Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Guianas s, w of Andes to w Ecuador and e of Andes through e Ecuador and e Peru to n Bolivia and Amazonian,n,c Brazil.
Saurothera merlini GREAT LIZARD-CUCKOO. Open woodland, thickets, dense undergrowth. In Bahama Is. and Cuba.
Saurothera vetula JAMAICAN LIZARD-CUCKOO. Open woodland with dense undergrowth, arid woodland. Jamaica.
Saurothera longirostris HISPANIOLAN
LIZARD-CUCKOO. Woodland with dense undergrowth and thickets.
Hispaniola, incl. Gonâve, Tortue and Saona islands.
Saurothera vieilloti PUERTO RICAN LIZARD-CUCKOO. Open woodland, heavy undergrowth, brush. Puerto Rico. Formerly also on Vieques I.
Crotophaga major GREATER ANI.
Thickets and second growth near water, swamps, marshes. Lowlands
in e Panama, and from nw,n,e Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Guianas
s, e of Andes, to n Argentina. Reports from ne Mexico in se Tamaulipas
along the Río Tamesí may have been vagrants or a now-extirpated
Crotophaga ani SMOOTH-BILLED ANI. Open brush, scrub, fields, towns, open woodland. Lowlands in c,s Florida, W. Indies; sw Costa Rica, Panama, and lowlands to 2700 m from Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, Tobago and Guianas s, w of Andes to w Ecuador and e of Andes to n Argentina.
Crotophaga sulcirostris GROOVE-BILLED ANI. Open scrub, brush , thickets, farmlands, savanna, second growth, open woodland. Lowlands to 750 m from s Baja Calif. (formerly), s Sonora and nc,c,s Texas s along both slopes of Mexico and C. America to Panama, and from sw,n,e Colombia s, w of Andes, to n Chile and n Argentina, and e to n,c Venezuela and Guyana.
Guira guira GUIRA CUCKOO.
Open woodland, scrub, towns. Lowlands from n,e,se Bolivia, c,s,se
Brazil n to islands in mouth of Amazon R., Uruguay and n Argentina s to
Mendoza and Río Negro.
Tapera naevia STRIPED CUCKOO.
Dense second growth, thickets, brushy fields, scrub. Lowlands to
2500 m from Veracruz, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Chiapas and Quintana Roo s on both
slopes through C. America to Panama, and from Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad
and Guianas s, w of Andes to sw Ecuador and e of Andes to n Argentina and
Morococcyx erythropygus LESSER GROUND-CUCKOO. Undergrowth of deciduous woodland, thickets, shrubby fields, scrub. Pacific lowlands to 1200 m from s Sinaloa s to nw Costa Rica; arid int. valleys on Caribbean slope of Guatemala and Honduras.
Dromococcyx phasianellus PHEASANT CUCKOO. Dense undergrowth of deciduous forest, thickets, second growth, humid forest edge, scrub. Lowlands from Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas and Yucatán Pen. s along both slopes of C. America to Panama, and locally e of Andes from n,e Colombia, Venezuela and Guianas s through e Peru and Brazil to n Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina.
Dromococcyx pavoninus PAVONINE CUCKOO.
Humid forest. Lowlands to 1950 m e of Andes from nw,nc,s Venezuela,
Guyana and French Guiana s through e Ecuador, e Peru and n,e,sw,s Brazil
to n,e Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina.
Geococcyx californianus GREATER ROADRUNNER. Desert scrub, chaparral, arid open woodland, brush. From n Calif., w,c Nevada, s Utah, Colorado, s Kansas, c,e Oklahoma, sw Missouri, w Arkansas and nc Louisiana s to s Baja Calif., Sinaloa, Durango, Zacatecas, ne Jalisco, e Michoacán, Mexico, Distrito Federal, Puebla, Veracruz, Tamaulipas and se Texas.
Geococcyx velox LESSER ROADRUNNER. Arid scrub, thickets, deciduous forest, pine-oak woodland, savanna. Lowlands in w Mexico and Yucatán Pen., and int. highlands from Michoacán, Mexico, Morelos, Puebla and wc Veracruz s to Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and c Nicaragua.
Neomorphus geoffroyi RUFOUS-VENTED
GROUND-CUCKOO. Humid forest. Lowlands and foothills to 1000
m in Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, w,n,e Colombia, e Ecuador, c Peru,
n Bolivia and c,e Brazil.
Neomorphus squamiger SCALED GROUND-CUCKOO. Humid forest. Lowlands of c Amazonian Brazil.
Neomorphus radiolosus BANDED GROUND-CUCKOO. Humid forest. Lowlands in sw Colombia and nw Ecuador.
Neomorphus rufipennis RUFOUS-WINGED GROUND-CUCKOO. Humid forest. Lowlands to 1100 m in s Venezuela.
Neomorphus pucheranii RED-BILLED GROUND-CUCKOO. Humid forest. Lowlands in ne Peru and w Amazonian Brazil.
Opisthocomus hoazin HOATZIN. Swampy woodland, forest edge, second growth, usually near water. Lowlands to 500 m from e Colombia, Venezuela (locally in Apure, Portuguesa, Guárico, Monagas, Sucre, Delta Amacuro, n Bolívar, n Amazonas), and the Guianas s through e Ecuador and e Peru to n,e Bolivia (Pando, Beni, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz) and Amazonian,e Brazil (Amazon basin from nw Mato Grosso e to Maranhão and Piauí, and s to sw Goiás).