EVOLUTION of REPUBLICAN BI-METALLIC 500 LIRE


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A prospectus about the evolution of Italian bi-metallic 500 Lire. There are main carachteristics of all types. An explanation is below table, with the link to the photos-page. Rarities transpire from a statistical work on several thousand of pcs.


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Type N Date Letters on date (1) Flag on building (2) Nervure of leaf (3) Laurel tip (4) Locks (5) Engraver's signature(6) Legend (7) Notes Type Rarity
1 1982 Normal Slightly open No Equally long tips 1st parallel with neck, 3rd curved left C and R1 distanced,  R2 and A2 distanced Open C   Normal RR
2 1982 Normal Slightly open No Equally long tips 1st curved to the neck C near R1,  R2 tied A2 Open C   Normal C
2 1983 Normal Slightly open No Equally long tips 1st curved to the neck C near R1,  R2 tied A2 Open C   Normal C
2 1984 Normal Slightly open No Equally long tips 1st curved to the neck C near R1,  R2 tied A2 Open C   Normal C
2 1985 Rounded 5 Slightly open No Equally long tips 1st curved to the neck C near R1,  R2 tied A2 Open C   Normal C
3 1985 Slim 5 Slightly open No Equally long tips 1st's tip parallel to the neck Shorter Open C   Normal C
3 1986 Normal Slightly open No Equally long tips 1st's tip parallel to the neck Shorter Open C   Normal C
4 1986 Normal Curved No Equally long tips 1st's tip parallel to the neck Downer E (8) Open C   Normal C
5 1987

7-"head"  up

"In mass" No Equally long tips 1st's tip parallel to the neck Downer E (8) Open C   Normal C
6 1987

7-"head" down

"In mass" No Longer left tip Similar to type n2, but shorter 2nd lock Similar to type n2 Open C   Normal C
6 1988 Normal "In mass" No Longer left tip Similar to type n2, but shorter 2nd lock Similar to type n2 Open C (10) Normal C
7 1989 Normal Closed Yes Higher central tip 1st parallel to the neck, 3rd very curved left Dilated Closed C   Normal C
7 1990 Thick and not regular Closed Yes Higher central tip 1st parallel to the neck, 3rd very curved left Dilated Closed C   Normal C
8 1990 Thin Closed Yes Higher central tip Longer 3rd and nearier to 2nd Dilated Closed C   Normal C
8 1991 Big Closed Yes Higher central tip Longer 3rd and nearier to 2nd Dilated Closed C Pointed final 1 Normal C
9 1991 Big Closed Yes Higher central tip Moved 3rd, 1st goes right Compact, similar to type n2 Open C Pointed final 1 Normal C
10 1991 Small Open No Small Moved 3rd, 1st goes right Compact, similar to type n2 Open C Rounded final 1. Normal C-
10 1992 Normal Open No Small Moved 3rd, 1st goes right PCompact, similar to type n2 Open C   Normal C
10 1993 Normal (9) -- -- -- Moved 3rd, 1st goes right Compact, similar to type n2 Open C Grossi's signature big and (distanced G) Banca d'Italia C
10 1993 Normal (9) -- -- -- Moved 3rd, 1st goes right Compact, similar to type n2 Open C Short Grossi's signature Banca d'Italia NC
10 1994 Normal -- -- -- Moved 3rd, 1st goes right Compact, similar to type n2 Open C   Pacioli C
10 1995 Normal Open No Small Moved 3rd, 1st goes right Compact, similar to type n2 Open C   Normal C
10 1996 Normal -- -- -- Moved 3rd, 1st goes right Compact, similar to type n2 Open C   ISTAT C
10 1997 Normal -- -- -- Moved 3rd, 1st goes right Compact, similar to type n2 Open C   Police C
10 1998 Normal -- -- -- Moved 3rd, 1st goes right Compact, similar to type n2 Open C   IFAD C
10 1999 Normal -- -- -- Moved 3rd, 1st goes right Compact, similar to type n2 Open C   European Parliament C

Prospectus notes and others

1 In 1987.2 type, the "head " of 7 is lower than 8's "head". 1990.2 type's date numbers are bigger than 1990.1.
2 See flags list. "Open" or "close" flags: if the end of the flag's line (beginnig on the top of staff) is or isn't joined with the staff's line (see photos!)
3 The leaf's nervure is the little "fluting" into the spica's leaf.
4 Prospectus of laurel tips.
5 "First" is near neck; "second" is central; "third" ... .
6 CRETARA = C R1 E T A1 R2 A2
7 See two "C" types.
9 In some exemplars the date (1893) is cut (by acmonital/bronzital-line), without first 1: 893-1993
10 More exemplars with date 1988 have cut date (by acmonital/bronzital-line), maybe the date's punch was too down.on original "mother" model. All the same for Rome's "R".
11 For all types: reeded edge has 7 series with 10 lines, one with 9 lines.
12 In some exemplars the bronzital part is not in centre. We have found an exemplar  without bronzital part: the press crushed hard the acmonital and the edge is very thick.
13 It's not common to find some fractures on the coin, for recent decimal coinage. It isn't rare for the "Braille" points.
14 In some exemplars (when the brand was new) there's the trace of the pentagon into the obverse's little star.

CLICK HERE for PHOTOS

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