The Menarini 040 has just leaved the platform at Stazione FS terminus of route 1 and now is turning slowly on the reversing loop. October 19th 2001.
The history of Parma trolleybuses started on October 25th 1953 when two trolleybus routes were inaugurated, soon followed by a third route. These routes that replaced three tramlines were:
with a full lenght of 13.130 km of routes and 11.750 km of lines.
The trolleybus company, named Azienda Municipalizzata Elettricitą Trasporti Acqua e Gas (AMETAG), bought in years 1953-56 16 FIAT 2401 FM with body built by Cansa and electric equipment by TIBB. These cars were numbered in the series 001-016. Two FIAT 2411 with Menarini body were put in service in 1959-60 and numbered 017 and 018, followed in 1964 by other two units but with a different body desing.
|One of the two old Parma preserved trolleybuses: car 014 in La Spezia. Photo © Stefano Paolini, from the page I Filobus.|
In the '60s the trolleybus company changed its name in Azienda Municipalizzata Pubblici Servizi (AMPS). In 1968 route 1 was extended from Cimitero della Villetta to Orti Baganza and route 2 from ponte Dattaro to largo 8 Marzo. But in 1972 AMPS was decided to dieselized route 2 to extend further without building extra overhead; the old wires of route 2 remained in place until 1986, used for driving school runs. In that period lots of trolleybus systems were closed and replaced by diesel buses and it seemed Parma would followed that tendency, too. Luckily, route 2 was the only closing in the history of the system; on the contrary, it was decided to modernize the network. In 1978 the substation was renewed. In 1981 10 new Menarini F 201 LU with TIBB electric equipment were put in service (series 021-030), followed five years later by other 10 Menarini/TIBB, these with F 201/2 LU chassis. In meanwhile, AMPS was absorbed by TEP-APT (1) (TEP – Azienda Provinciale Trasporti), the company that operated the interurban bus system. The new undertaking was renamed TEP-ACT (TEP – Azienda Consorziale Trasporti), but it is know smply as TEP, too.
|The trolleybus Menarini F 201 LU: car 026 in Deposito XXV Aprile. Photo © Alessio Pedretti.|
|The trolleybus Menarini F 201/2 LU: car 036 in Deposito XXV Aprile. Photo © Alessio Pedretti.|
In 1987 route 1 was extended from Orzi di Braganza to strada Farnese and a second substation was added to the system. In 1989 bus route 4 (via Mordacci-via Parigi) was transformed in a trolleybus route, as most of its alignment was in common with route 3. The new route was inaugurated on December 14th. Finally, also bus route 5 (via Chiavari – via Orazio) was electrified in 1997 and three new substation were built. To reinforce the rolling stock, TEP bought in 1997-99 14 low floor Busotti trolleybuses, built by Autodromo on MAN chassis with ADtranz electric equipment.
|The trolleybus Autodromo Busotto: cars 046 and 048 in Deposito XXV Aprile. Photo © Alessio Pedretti.|
|Parma trolleybus routes, past and present|
|1||Stazione FS – Cimitero della Villetta||Stazione FS – Orti Baganza||Stazione FS – strada Farnese|
|2||San Leonardo – ponte Dattaro||San Leonardo – largo VIII Marzo||–|
|3||Crocetta – San Lazzaro|
|4||–||via Mordacci – via Parigi|
|5||–||via Chiavari – via Orazio|
|The system at a glance|
|Company||TEP – Azienda Consorziale Trasporti SpA (TEP-ACT)|
|Lenght (lines)||18.6 km|
|Lenght (routes)||27 km|
|Depots|| Deposito XXV Aprile (to be
Deposito I Maggio (not yet used)
|Opening of the first line||October 25th 1953: Stazione FS – Cimitero della Villetta (route 1), San Leonardo – ponte Dattaro (route 2)|
|Last significant abandonment||1972: San Leonardo – largo 8 Marzo (route 2)|
|Last significant extension||1997: via Chiavari – via Orazio (route 5)|
|Cars in regular service||34|
The four routes are all diametral services passing all in piazza Mazzini, the busiest point of the network.
|Parma trolleybus routes since 1997|
|1||Stazione FS – via Garibaldi – strada Mazzini – barriera Bixio – via Baganza – strada Farnese||–|
|3||Crocetta – via Emilia Ovest – piazzale Santa Croce – strada d'Azeglio – strada Mazzini – piazza Garibaldi – strada della Repubblica – via Emilia Est – San Lazzaro||–|
|4||via Mordacci – via Emilia Ovest – piazzale Santa Croce – strada d'Azeglio – strada Mazzini – piazza Garibaldi – strada della Repubblica – via Emilia Est – via Parigi||–|
|5||via Chiavari – piazzale Santa Croce – strada d'Azeglio – strada Mazzini – piazza Garibaldi – strada della Repubblica – via Gibuti – via Orazio||–|
The depot, called XXV Aprile, is located on the midway of route 1. TEP recently built a new depot called I Maggio and it is used at present only by diesel buses: the overhead reaches it but it ends at the gates. It is expected the old depot will be closed in the next future and the trolleybuses will be hosted in the new one.
|Deposito XXV Aprile, with a parade of all the types of Parma trolleybuses, broken by a single Effeuno diesel bus (the second car from right). Photo © Alessio Pedretti.|
|Parma trolleybuses, past and present|
|Type or series||Classification||Amount||Year||Axles||Chassis||Body||Electric equipment||Notes|
F 201 LU
F 201/2 LU
NL 202 F
In origin all trolleybuses of series 001-020 were painted in light and dark green, then in late '60s FIAT 2401 were painted in yellow and some of FIAT 2411 in orange. Trolleybuses of series 020 and 030 are painted in orange with a black strip for the series 020, white for 030, while Busotti in white with orange front end and a yellow/blue pattern on the sides.
|Two images of the oldest Parma trolleybuses, both in service on route 3: 030, without the black strip, in strada Mazzini heading to Crocetta...|
|... and 024 in piazza Garibaldi in the opposite direction.|
|Trolleybus 037, from the second Menarini series, in service on route 4 to via Parigi.|
|Parma is the only city with two-axles Busotti trolleybuses. One of them, car 045, is running on ponte di Mezzo heading to via Mordacci, terminus of route 4.|
|Busotto 054, without the yellow/blue pattern, is turning from strada Mazzini to via Garibaldi on route 1 to the Stazione.|
|Car 042 in piazza Garibaldi in service on route 4 to via Mordacci. On the right a diesel bus on route 5: that day that trolleybus service was suspended for road works. All these photos October 19th 2001.|
A special thank to Enzo Porcu that provided me with a great number of information.
Thanks to: Giancarlo Bondi - Marco Montanarini - Alessio Pedretti - Bruno Principe - Enzo Porcu
|A remnant of the gone tramways. The old interurban tramway station in piazzale Barbieri, still with the writing "Tranvie Elettriche". Photo © Alessio Pedretti.|
© 2003 Ivan Furlanis
Last changes: October 2003