Cavour - Light multirole Aircraft Carrier
(1 ship)

Italian version flag it

Dimensions: length: 244 m; width: 39 m; immersion: 8.7 m; height superstructure of 14 deck: 36.6 m

Displacement: 27,500 (27,100?) tons full load, 21,160 tons unloaded, 22,290 tons standard, > 30.000 tons expected at the end of service life

Propulsion: 4 gas turbines LM2500 for a total of 88 MW (max. continuous power), 2 5-bladed shafts, bow and aft thrusters with a orientable propeller blades

Speed: 28-29 knots max continuous sustained speed , 30 knots max expected during trials, 24 knots on just 2 gas turbines and 1 shaft, knots on just 1 gas turbine and 1 shaft (minimum for Harrier STOVL operations)
Thanks to 2 pairs of fins active stabilizers, the vessel is much more stable and allows the flight operations with the sea up to force 6 as well as improving comfort of the crew.

Range: 7000 miles at 16 knots, 18 days on navigation. Tank from 2,500,000 litres of diesel, the cruising speed will consume 3,000 litres per hour, 25,000 at full speed.

Electric: at 660 V and 50 Hz for a total power installed of 17.6 MW, approximately 270% of the maximum power demand. The system is composed of 6 groups diesel-generatori from 2200 KW Wärtsilä 12 V200 CW and two groups generator/alternator sets directly driven by the propulsion plant, also from 2200 KW.

Crew: accommodation for 1210 +91 people, including 451 crew, 203 for the air group, 140 for the command complex (C4I) and 416 (325 +91) for the San Marco regiment (italian marines) or the new Forza di Proiezione dal Mare (FPM - Force projection from the sea)

Radar: 3D multi-function phased-array radar for air and surface search Selex Sistemi Integrati (ex-AMS) MM/SPY-790 EMPAR, 3D long range radar air search Selex Sistemi Integrati (ex-AMS) (MM/SPS-798) RAN-40L, short/medium range radar for surface and low altitude air search Selex Sistemi Integrati (ex-AMS) RAN-30X/I (SPS-791), provision only for 2 Selex Systems Integrated (ex-AMS) RTN-25X for control of naval guns OTO Melara 72mm/62, radar system for air control and advanced precision approach Galileo Avionica SPN 720, navigation radar GEM Elettronica MM/SPN-753(v)4,

Sonar: Whitehead Alenia Sistemi Subacquei (WASS) SNA 200 ) bow-mounted Navigation/Mine Avoidance Sonar, Euroslat SLAT torpedo decoy towed array sensor

Sensor/system: Sagem VAMPIR-MB IRAS (Infra-Red Alerting System) IR surface/air surveillance; 1 Selex Galileo SASS (Silent Acquisition Sub-System) thermal image (IR) system for detection and tracking to 360°; Telephonics AN/SPN-41A radio frequency all-weather instrument approach landing system; system Selex Sistemi Integrati IFF SIR-R/S and SIR M5-PA

Electronic warfare: Elettronica SpA integrated ESM/Elint/ECM suite

Armament: Combat system SAAM-IT for 32 (4x8) surface-air Aster 15 on vertical launcher DCN Sylver A43, 2 sistems AEM Dardo-F for controlling 2 naval guns OTO Melara 72mm/62 and 3 naval guns Oto-Melara Oerlikon KBA 25mm/80

Countermeasures: 2 AMS/Oto-Melara SCLAR-H decoys launchers anti-missiles, 2 Euroslat SLAT anti-torpedo defence system launchers

Command Center: The center can provide capacity Control, Command, Communications, Computers and Information (C4I), the command center is spread out over an area of more than 1,100 m2 and has more than 150 workstations on which they can operate up to 230 people to manage naval, air and amphibious operations. Given the large, it was decided to place the center under the flight deck to reduce the size of island to the minimum..

Comunications: Selex integrated communication system which includes SHF/UHF SICRAL with terminal SATCOM, HF Multi-channel, VHF, military UHF, VHF ICAO, VHF IMM, INMARSAT, METOC, GMDSS and tactical communications for command and control with 2 Link 11, Link 16 and predisposition for Link 22/NILE (NATO Improved Link Eleven)

Security: the passive safety of ship, namely defense capabilities fire and flaws, has been particularly cared all using the most advanced techniques and experience accumulated over the years. The ship is divided into 7 zones, and is equipped with a computerized system for monitoring and decision support in emergency conditions. The ship is divided into 7 zones, and is equipped with a computerized system for monitoring and decision support in emergency conditions. These people have taken such as smoke curtain, the new criteria for stations over breathable air and on the collector ring, arrangements for the disposal of fumes, the relative positions, accessibility and the conformation of local relevance to the Service Safety (COP, COC, area health, control stations), and so forth. See the image below.
The unit is equipped with all the necessary environment to operate in contaminated area by NBC agents (nuclear, bacteriological or chemical).
On board there is a system degaussing (degaussig) fully automated to reduce magnetic anomalies generated by the unit and therefore to reduce the risk due to landmines.

Miscellaneous: The Standard housing are very high, both in terms of space per person than as finishing level housing and services are provided for single or double accommodation for officers and staff of the role marshals, accommodation in four places for staff roles warrant and troops; remain collective "comrade" only for the staff of San Marco Regiment, to embark only for special needs and for limited periods. There are great public spaces, including bar, cinema and gym.
The vessel is covered by 1360 km of cables and 190 cameras. There are 2 cells for food by 400 and 800 m2, 2 deposits for food and 2 kitchens with ovens for the fresh bread . There are also desalinization to make drinking water from the sea.
Particular care was given to the activities of loading, packaging and distribution of food and waste management, liquid and solid with the ristrittive rules MARPOL 73/78 (Marine Pollution) for commercial ships, not mandatory for military ships. The MARPOL 73/78 was designed to minimize pollution of the marine ecosystem (water and air), and covers the possible causes of pollution naval: municipal solid waste and non fuels, gaseous emissions and toxic substances transported .

Aviation facility

Air group: The ship hasn't assigned a fixed air group but is fixed according to the mission, will be a mix of 20-24 short takeoff vertical landingHarrier AV-8B plus 2 (F35B when available) and helicopters EH-101 (including Mk.112 AEW/HEW, Mk.110 ASW/ASV, Mk.410 TTH/utility e Mk.413 ASH), NH-90 NFH or TTH and SH3D

Flight-deck: is long 232,6 m and width 34,5 m (surface 6.800+ m2). It has a runway for takeoff short long 183,0 m for 14,2 m, ski-jump with 12° of elevation, a parking area (starboard side) to 10/12 aircraft, 6 spot for helicopters type EH-101 plus a dedicated spot for SAR missions to bow.

Hangar: is long 134,2 m, width 21,0 m e high 7,2 m (8,5 max.). It is connected to the flight deck with 2 McTaggart Scott elevators from 30 tons of which aft an “deck-edge" after the island size 15 m to 14 m, the second forward internal long 21.6 m for 14 m. There are also 2 elevators from 15 tons for ammunition and 2 service elevators from 7 tons. It has tanks 1,500,000 litres of fuel for planes and helicopters. The 2 main elevators do not interfere with the operations of takeoff and landing of aircraft.

Transport capacity: the hangar can be used as a garage for the transport of terrestrial resources, and can contain up to 24 heavy vehicles like tanks Ariete (over 250 meters), or up to 50 vehicles average as the amphibians AAV7 RAM/RS, Centauro B1, Freccia, Dardo (over 423 meters) or up to 100 vehicles average as VTLM Lince, Puma, Defender e VM90 (over 522 meters). The hangar is accessible by 2 ramps from 60 tons posed stern and straight, under the island.

Capacity of amphibious assault:the San Marco regiment, or the new force projection from the sea (FPM) with the Lagunari army, can be landed with 2 assaults of 6 helicoptersEH-101(2 companies fully equipped) or with the help the 3 LCVP, 3 inflatables and a spear.

Program / history: a mid 80 the General Staff of the Navy decided to base navy on two STOVL carriers, Garibaldi, just entered into service in 1985, and a second similar unit whose entrance was in line for the 1994 or so. For reasons of an economic, political (the Garibaldi was carried out with features from cruiser), the project was slipping and the subsequent collapse of the Berlin Wall was changing needs of MMI. In the nineties, the project was further amended and oriented towards an anphibious unity similar to American Wasp but reduced in scale. The project again taken the path of pure STOVL carrier in the late nineties and in 2000 was finally approved. Despite the latest change of course the ship has maintained some characteristics from amphibious assault ship as boats under the stern deck and ramps for boarding means land from the stern and upright in the island. The ship was also built as a Landing Platform Helicopter (LPH). The hangar and closed type and size of 134 m for 21 and it can accommodate (officially) 12 helicopters or 8 aircraft. For more information on the development of the project see the following page.
The cutting of the first steel occurred on July 17, 2001. The launch of the middle and aft of the ship occurred on July 20, 2004 in Riva Trigoso. Following this portion of the vessel was towed to Muggiano, where it was built bow. In November were welded the two sections. The Cavour is floating in its entirety, from mid-December 2004. The first test at sea in motion just occurred on December 22, 2006. During 2007 took place various tests at sea but the flight deck was not available for landing aircraft, as has been seen in television service of RAI 1 in mid-August.
In November started the first tests of landing by the EH-101 and AV-8B were onboard for a few days to check the suitability of the flight deck and dell'hangar. They made landings and takeoffs day and night.
In October 2007 it was decided boarding a piece 76/62, reconditioned and updated with the latest systems, previously embarked on ship Audace. It remains yet to find the second piece to be mounted on the platform already prepared. In November 2007 it was decided the purchase and installation of 2 systems Dardo-F instead of E, for control of artillery pieces from 76/62.
Official commission of the carrier Cavour onto the Italian Navy took place on 27 March 2008. Then it is expected that the unit remains at the site of Muggiano to complete the installation of the combat system planned for summer 2008.
The inclusion in the fleet is scheduled in Summer 2008 and full operation capability (FOC) in 2009.
At the end of page images and pictures of the development, construction, testing at sea and completion of the unit.

Using the ship:
Command Ship:
Using C4I the ship can provide command center that due Italian or NATO operating theater kindly to monitor actions naval, air or land.
Air Defense:the ship can provide high air cover to a naval group, which is the central element, using its aircraft to patrol remote, helicopters HEW for control over the horizon in addition to its long-range radar scope. With the use of data connections can work in unison with the unit basis, especially with the AAW destroyer.
Force Projection: to provide air support for amphibious landings or land operations, air strikes carried out with part of its fighter
Control of the Sea: it can perform anti-submarine missions embarking a number of ASW helicopters, sea control missions or anti-surface mission capabilities of its aircraft and escort unit.
International Missions:working to support peace-keeping missions, including the transport of troops or material
Civil Support:evacuation of non-combatants and humanitarian support in the event of natural disasters to provide logistical coordination or medical support

Cost: the total cost of the ship should be set at 1.5 billion euros, including combat system. The first contract (NUM 1) between the General Direction for naval armaments (NAVARM) and the company Fincantieri for the acquisition, valued at about 900 million of euros, was signed in November 2000. A second contract (NUM 2.1) for about 230 million euros was signed in 2002 for a good part of the electronic systems. The third contract (NUM 2.2), also for electronics on board, was signed in 2003 with a value of 150 million euros. The acquisition of the ship was divided into nearly a decade of defense budgets and even with the use of funds from the Ministry of Economic Development (MSE), here's a summary table::
before 2001 => <50 milion of euros
2001 => 35 million euros
2002 => 78 milion euros
2003 => 92 milion euros
2004 => 185,9 milion euros
2005 => 177,5 milion euros
2006 => 25,1 milion euros + MSE
2007 => 211,2 milion euros
2008 => 150,3 milion euros

Builder: Fincatieri SpA at Riva Trigoso (GE) and Muggiano (SP) shipyards

Number Name Comm. Year Homeport
550 Cavour 2008 Muggiano-fitting the system, after Taranto

Amateur Photos sent by Andrea, 04/30/2007 UNUCI Lugo, May, 07 Photo Fincantieri, 05
cavour-andrea01 Foto di nave Cavour amatoriale di agosto 07 Portaerei Cavour nel 2005
Photo by Fabio, end July 2007 of Cavour in the port at Muggiano
cavfabfineluglio01 cavfabfineluglio02 cavfabfineluglio03 cavfabfineluglio04
cavfabfineluglio05 cavfabfineluglio06 cavfabfineluglio07
Photo by Maurizio September / October 2007
Foto di nave Cavour di Maurizio di settembre 01 Foto di nave Cavour di Maurizio di settembre 02 More photos of Cavour under costruction between 2004 and 2008
Photo by Marco, early November 2007 First photo on internet of first landing, Nov 2007
Foto di nave Cavour di Marco di inizio Novembre Foto dei prima appontaggi su Cavour di Novembre 2007
Exclusive Photos of Analisi di Difesa of Dec 07 of the first landing on Cavour, PDF with photo MD
Foto di Analisi di Difesa 01 Foto di Analisi di Difesa 01 Foto di Analisi di Difesa 01 Foto di Analisi di Difesa 01
photo by MMI, nov 07 Photo of 2008 in HD
Cavour MMI con elicottero Novembre 2007
First photo by MMI
with aircraft on
fly deck
Cavour MMI 2008 b Cavour MMI 2008 a
Photo of June 2008
Cavour giugno 2008 01 Cavour giugno 2008 02 Cavour giugno 2008 03 Cavour giugno 2008 04
Photo by Deltaricci and Torricelli of end of July, 2008
Cavour fine luglio 2008 deltaricci 01 Cavour fine luglio 2008 deltaricci 02 Cavour fine luglio 2008 deltaricci 03 Cavour fine luglio 2008 deltaricci 04
Cavour fine luglio 2008 deltaricci 05 Cavour fine luglio 2008 deltaricci 06 Cavour fine luglio 2008 deltaricci 07 Cavour fine luglio 2008 deltaricci 08
Cavour fine luglio 2008 torricelli 01 Cavour fine luglio 2008 torricelli 02 Cavour fine luglio 2008 torricelli 03 Cavour fine luglio 2008 torricelli 04
Photo by Nimitz of august, 2008
Cavour agosto 2008 nimitz 01 Cavour giugno 2008 nimitz 02 Cavour giugno 2008 nimitz 03
Drawings ship Cavour of 2000 by Fincantieri
cav_fin01 cav_fin02 cav_fin03 cav_fin04
Systems onboard Model presented at DEFEXPO 04 by acig.org
cav_sistemi cavmodel-acig-org
Italian Navy model of Cavour, more photo on the section Cavour/Model
Foto modellino marina nave cavour 01 Foto modellino marina nave cavour 02 venezia 08 203 venezia 08 204
Complete layout of Cavour, to complete as soon as possible
Schema completo nave cavour 01
Layouts of Cavour
cav-vuota cav_sezione

cav_navig
Cavour with 12 F35B and 8 EH 101, typical air group for the webmaster
Safety Zone
cav-12F-8H cavour zone di sicurezza

PAGE 2 - Ship under construction - Photos

References: Marina Militare Italiana, Orizzonte Sistemi Navali and Analisi di Difesa

Photo: di Marina Militare Italiana, Fincantieri, Analisi di Difesa, amateur by Paolo Smeraldi, Fabio, Maurizio, Marco, Andrea, Nimitz, UNUCI Lugo, ANMI Lugo, Deltaricci, Torricelli,

Update: 22-09-2008

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